Trees

1. Magnolias.

The most beautiful and popular plants in the garden are the magnolias that bloom in early spring in front of the main façade of the residence and the north wing. The first lily trees in the city could have been planted at the end of the 19th century. In the photos taken in 1933, these reached already to the windows of the second floor. The hite-flowered lily tree (Magnolia kobus) in Japan, their country of origin, are considered the symbol of purity. The hybrid with big pink flowers (Magnolia x soulangeana) was created in 1820 by the French botanist Etienne Soulange-Bodin (1774-1846).

2. The Yew trees.

Most of the yew trees in the garden of the Baroque palace were planted in 1908. Most of them were planted in front of the main façade of the building to serve as live hedges, in the absence of pruning, grew into giant trees during decades of communism. Except the coat, all part of the Taxus baccata are deadly poisonous. The common yew is slow-growing, but it is counted among the longest living plants in the world. If it is left unharmed, it can live up to a thousand years. It does not tolerate transplanting, but bears pruning well. Many valuable specimens of the plant live in the palace garden, many of which have been forced to produce fresh shoots and develop lush foliage by strong pruning.

3. The Turkish hazelnuts

In the garden of the baroque palace there are three Turkish hazelnuts trees, about a hundred years old each, being planted on both sides of the main gate. The native country of this specie is Turkey, and it arrived in our country under the label Levante hazelnut, an important ingredient in bakeries. It is considered by gardeners to be one of the most beautiful park trees, occurring in Romania in the low ranges of the Southern Carpathians overlooking the Lower-Danube, 400-600 meters above sea level.

4. The common oak.

In the southern part of the English park in front of the palace rises the oldest tree in the garden, a 180-year-old, 29- meter-high pedunculate oak, about which it is not known whether it was planted or grew from the seed, but it may have entered the baroque palace garden in 1838. The acorns growing in cup-shape cupule hang on a long stick, a kind of stalk. It is from here that the oak got its name. The trunk of this really old specimen tilted over time, so it was necessary in 2019 to reinforce it with metal pillars.

5. The Kentucky coffeetree.

The Gymnocladus dioicus for long has been a symbol of the State of Kentucky, a typical tree of North America and Canada's forests. The colonists used the roasted seeds of the tree as a coffee substitute. In folk medicine it is used against fever and headaches, and the Indians also made soap from its fruits.

6. The Giant redwood.

Around 1878, the three giant mammoth pines were planted in the garden of the palace, which, despite their young age, with their trunks of 3 and 3.7 meters in circumference, their crowns gazing towards the sky, they are the tallest trees in the park. Every species of the Sequoiadendron giganteum is strictly protected and it is considered a rare plant. During the nationalization and construction of the area, the three Giant redwoods were moved to the courtyard of the neighboring school, nevertheless we consider them to be the most valuable specimens of the palace garden.

7. The Maidenhair tree or Gingko biloba.

The maidenhair tree is a living fossil, which lived 65 million years ago, and unlike its peers, survived the last ice age. The sacred, healing tree of Buddhist monks began its world-conquering journey from China, and since 1738 it has been gladly grown in Europe as well. The gingko biloba can live up to a thousand years, its old specimens are 50 meters high, its foliage expands when the tree becomes older, and its fan-like leaves fall off in the fall. Until recently, the garden of the Baroque palace in Oradea was home to a hundred- year-old, “adult” and a 20-year-old youngster, and their numbers increased during the rehabilitation of the garden.

8. American sweetgum.

The beautiful form of Liquidambar stryaciflua, shaped by its strongly lobed, scattered leaves, is also a popular park tree due to its reddish foliage in the fall. Its curiosity is that from its injured trunk, a fragrant resin comes out, which is used as a raw material for producing chewing gums and cosmetics.

9. The red oak.

The 24 meter tall, 370 centimeter perimeter tree is native to the eastern part of North America and the southern Canada. Its strongly lobed leaves turn reddish brown in autumn; its name can also be derived from here. In Europe it is a beloved park tree due to its spherical shaped foliage, which grows to a height of 30-35 meters. 2019, a huge branch of the Oradea giant suddenly broke down, and as it turned out, a family of bees lived in the branch.

10. The horse-chestnuts or conker tree.

The species of Aesculus hippo- castanum were planted in the inner courtyard in 1878, and they are among the oldest trees in the garden of the palace. It is appreciated by horticulturists especially because of its big flowers and its lavish and tall foliage.
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